Humans (and human endeavour) are highly resource dependent. Despite this, many key resources, usually those in high demand are finite. If not properly managed, we face a situation whereby these vital materials and environmental constituents may become increasingly scarce or even extinct/exhausted. This module sets out therefore, to examine the nature and causes of this impending environmental resource shortage. The complexity of the problem is a central tenet, and so the need to adopt a multidisciplinary approach is emphasised throughout: one that considers social and philosophical approaches to examining the problems as well as more traditionally scientific (empirical) methods. Ultimately the student is encouraged to recognise that although they must work toward sustainable objectives within their own discipline/ industrial context, the solution of more widespread environmental problems can only be effectively addressed through cooperative, multidisciplinary and multi-stakeholder based approaches.