The successful and efficient propagation and production of plants is the key to success in any horticultural enterprise. This module reviews plant propagation and crop establishment in a range of horticultural situations. Selected plant propagation methods will be undertaken throughout the year enabling both method and the use of specialist propagation environments and equipment to be evaluated. Accepted methods of plant establishment appropriate to various aspects of horticulture will be evaluated in theory and practice. A range of crops will be produced enabling regular monitoring and maintenance. The relationship between propagation and growing techniques with plant physiology will be stressed throughout in relation to commercial need. The module is also designed to enable students to develop an appreciation of horticulture and the issues facing commercial propagation businesses as well as becoming familiar with the selection and safe operation of horticultural equipment and facilities.