The horse and rider dyad is ever evolving through the stages of training and requires consistent evaluation of the multiple elements involved in producing a competitive partnership. Equestrian governing bodies in the UK are addressing the needs of our potential Olympic equestrian athletes in exactly the same methodical way as that of any other athlete competing in other sports. There is an overwhelming opinion that there is a need for a scientific approach to the equestrian athlete's preparation for competition. This involves the understanding of adaptations to training, nutrition, physiological and psychological responses and the use of performance analysis and then involves responding accordingly. This module explores the physiological parameters that may give the equestrian athlete the edge and increase their chance of competitive success.