This module will discuss the intrinsic and extrinsic elements that effect health and performance in animals. A range of injuries associated with different activities will be studied. This includes discussion of up to date diagnostic procedures, veterinary and complementary therapies including surgical techniques, rehabilitation methods and prevention. The use of drugs and nutraceuticals as a therapeutics and as performance enhancers will be analysed. Equestrian disciplines such as racing, eventing, showjumping, dressage and endurance are associated with stress on different limbs and physiological systems of the horse. It is important for the equine graduate to understand the injuries and conditions that horses that they work with are likely to be predisposed to, how to minimise risk and what treatments are likely to be offered if it occurs. In addition to the differing stresses that occur to the horse's limbs and physiological systems when being trained and competed in different equestrian disciplines this module will also look at a wide variety of activities that dogs take part in that may result in sports injuries and diseases. These activities include dog agility, fly ball, gun dogs, sheep dogs, racing greyhounds and pet dogs. A veterinary physiotherapist needs to know what injuries are likely to occur during different activities, what predisposes an animal to these injuries and conditions and what treatments and therapies they could receive both from a vet and other para-professionals. Some of the conditions studied in this module will include joint pathologies in the horse such as side bone, ringbone and bone spavin; joint conditions in the dog such as elbow and hip dysplasia and cruciate ligament rupture; spinal conditions including kissing spines and disk disease.