This module will examine the application of scientific training principles to develop fitness in sport and exercise settings. It will illustrate how a detailed understanding of the physiological principles explaining adaptation and reversibility can be applied to the effective design of training programmes for a range of client groups, including athletes and non-athletes. It will also evaluate the scientific evidence to support the use of a variety of systems and methods of training and teach the importance of fitness and performance testing as a key tool in the design of an individual's training prescription. Practically, students will investigate and analyse the components of fitness and compare a range of laboratory and field based tests. The module will also consider health and safety and informed consent.