The study of behaviour and welfare must be conducted in a scientifically robust manner. There are many different techniques and measurements that can be used to determine both the physiological and psychological states of the horse, and generally behaviour is seen as an external manifestation of the internal physiological state. How this data is collected and then interpreted is fundamental in conducting research. This module will introduce students to the range of methods currently used in academic research to measure behaviour and welfare both quantitatively and qualitatively. Students will gain an appreciation of the application of behavioural and physiological measures of welfare and be able to identify their appropriate use in experimental design. Students will learn why, when and how to carry out various behaviour and welfare sampling methods in a combination of theoretical and practical taught sessions, which will also involve evaluating experimental design in research papers. Techniques to analyse and interpret this data will also be studied to provide students with the skills to perform their own research investigations within this and other modules.