It is acknowledged that a scientific understanding of ecological principles is crucial for the sustainable use of natural resources, and for successful implementation of conservation programmes. This module introduces students to key principles in ecology. Central themes will be explored, and particular consideration will be given to factors that influence the distribution and abundance of organisms (with a particular emphasis on fauna). Evolution will be considered, particularly with respect to natural selection and speciation. Appropriate activities will provide students with opportunities to develop their understanding of practical aspects of ecology. Overall, the module aims to develop students' knowledge and conceptual understanding of ecology, particularly within the context of the broader remit of conservation biology.