This module is the foundation for the more advanced module (Sustainable Crop Production B) Crop Production or Horticulture students will have in Sem B. During this module, student will evaluate the factors which determine the level and location of crop production in relation to climate and agro-economic factors, using a number of crop examples related to horticulture, and agriculture. The development and changing patterns of cropping systems and production techniques will be discussed in the light of changing market requirements, need for continuity of supply, environmental pressures and the need for sustainability in production. The importance of global trade will be considered in terms of sustainability and environmental footprint; other environmental considerations such as energy consumption and use of non-renewable resources that of increasing importance to industry will be considered as part of the crop production process. Current research and trends will be evaluated and likely future developments considered.